A worker is lent out little, a lot, a great deal…
‘Looking for employers ready to share workers, in partnership, for a
long life together’. Will we one day see such classified adverts
springing up everywhere? One legal formula, that of the Employer
Alliance, permits the pooling of a workforce. The aim? To link up
flexibility with security. Virginie Xhauflair, an anthropologist,
unveils these not very ‘orthodox’, and little known, practices.
The principle? Let’s share!
The study she
has just devoted to the pooling of a work force shows that, depending on
the country, different modes and varied reasons push business companies
to turn towards a partnership based around a sharing of workers. There
is thus no surprise to find a variety of practices and regulations in
The pluses of lobbying
In France, officially, everything began for the EAs with a July 1985 legal Act. It stipulates that ‘an Employers Alliance has the aim of allowing corporations and individuals, brought together in an association, to jointly employ one or more workers. The latter are tied to the EP by a job contract. They are made available to the member companies in terms of expressed needs, in order to meet the needs of a part time workforce, to occasionally benefit from a qualified person, to deal with peak or seasonal activity, or to train and offer people qualifications.’
(1) Virginie Xhauflair : « La Mutualisation de main d’œuvre : diversité des pratiques et nouveaux enjeux ». in Allouche, José (Ed.) Encyclopédie des Ressources Humaines (in press)